Sustenance recognizes a broad range of components that serve the central purpose of replenishing the body, thereby preparing the athlete for the volume and intensity required for optimal training. Sustenance addresses several areas: nutrition, hydration, rest, sleep, and regeneration. 

Each of these factors needs to be addressed differently depending on the LTAD stage.

Underlying sustenance is the need for optimal recovery management. As high-performance athletes move to a 24/7 model of training, the athlete’s activities away from the training and competition environment take on greater importance.

The 24/7 model requires commitment and communication between the athlete and the coach, and often the parent as well. For proper sustenance and recovery management, the coach and/or parent must monitor the athlete’s recovery by identifying physical and mental changes which may contribute to athlete fatigue.

Physical and mental challenges must be balanced by activities to promote regeneration. If this balance is not maintained, the athlete can experience burnout.

At the high performance level of sport, proper nutrition and correct timing of meals becomes critical. High training volumes and intensities must be sustained through correct nourishment, as appropriate nutrients must be available to the body for training and recovery.

>> Learn about trainability related to Schooling